We offer two different ways to create copies of websites which you can use for staging, testing or migrations to other Bolts. The first solution is a custom script available on our Servebolt Bolts, the other is a solution within WordPress itself.
Servebolt’s sitecopy script
The main advantage of using our
sitecopy script is the speed of the migration as well as the fact that you can use it regardless of the platform you have installed on our Bolts.
Time needed: 15 minutes.
Included with our service is a sitecopy script, that allows you to very easily duplicate a website. The sitecopy script makes a full copy of all files for a website and sets up the connection to a new database. It’s a fast and easy solution!
- Add a new site
Start by adding an additional website with us. To add a new site in our admin panel, click the “ADD SITE” button. Then select a Site name and click the “Create new site” button. You’ll see a confirmation and receive an email with SSH/SFTP and database information for the new website.
- Login using SSH/terminal
Login by SSH to the new website. Change directory to
/publicand remove our default index page, like this:
Now you need to make sure you have the user info for the website that you want to clone FROM. You need the SSH/SFTP username, password and the server address to clone FROM. You also need the database name, username and password to clone TO (this is sent to you by email, when you set up the new website).
- Run the sitecopy script
Run our sitecopy software, like this:
sitecopy -t wp [email protected] database-to-clone-to -e wp-content/uploads
First we define the type of website to copy (
-t wp, meaning type=WordPress). Then we set the user/server to clone FROM. Then we set the database to clone TO. With the -k flag, we create a temporary SSH key (to avoid having to repeat the password). Finally we exclude copying the folder
wp-content/uploadswith the -e flag.
wp-content/uploadsfolder is not a must, but a recommendation. You can do this if you don’t want to store multiple copies of your uploaded files (primarily images). The new website will still work with the images, since we’ll rewrite these through
.htaccess(in the final step of this guide).
If you want to copy all folders/files, feel free to remove the “
-e wp-content/uploads”. Just make sure you have enough storage space for this in your package.
When you run the sitecopy software, you will need to enter the password for the user to clone FROM. You’ll also need to enter the user info for the new database. Other than that, the sitecopy software will manage the whole copying process and database setup for you.
Example sitecopy: Now I am logged in to the site I want to copy another site TO.
[email protected]is the site I am copying from, and
wordpress9801is the database of the site I am copying TO. When sitecopy asks for your database name and database user, hit enter, because you have already specified that.
- Update the URL
Now you need to correct the address to the new website in the database. This is easily done with WP-CLI using wp search-replace command, like this:
wp search-replace https://website-that-we-cloned-from https://website-that-we-cloned-to --all-tables
The new website address with us can be found in our admin panel if you select the website and click the “Domains” tab.
Note: If you have a WordPress network installation (WordPress Multisite), you also need to update the address in the database tables
wp_site, and in the WordPress configuration file
wp-config.php(if it’s the main address).
- Update .htaccess (optional)
Note that this step only applies if you excluded the
wp-content/uploadsfolder. If that is the case, we need to setup
.htaccessto rewrite the
wp-content/uploads folder(for the images), like this:
nano -w .htaccess
Add the following lines:
Use uploads folder from production site
RedirectMatch 301 /wp-content/uploads/(.*) https://website-that-we-cloned-from/wp-content/uploads/$1
To close and save the
.htaccessfile, click ctrl+x, select y (to save) and press the Enter-key.
Now you can visit the new website that you’ve set up, which will be an exact copy of your real/production website.
Alternatively, you can also use a plugin to create a duplicate for staging or test purposes. Check out our article on how to duplicate a site with the Duplicator plugin in WordPress.
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